The school was a large, L-shaped, two or
three storied, red brick building. It occupied about one half of
a full city block, the remainder being the playground. The floors
and stairs were made of dark wood. The halls were brown.
As far I can remember, G. Sidney Leach was the principal and Mrs.
McDonough was the vice-principal the entire eight years that I was
there. We all loved Mr. Leach, whom we saw very rarely, and we were
terrified of Mrs. McDonough, who patrolled the halls like an army
sergeant. I can still hear her voice, telling us to walk straight,
to be silent, to keep our hands out of our pockets and never to
chew gum in school. One day, she asked me where I was going and
I said, “To gym”. She said, ”No, you are not going
to gym!“ I thought that I was in real trouble and that she
was sending me to her office. “No,” she said, “It
is not ‘gym’. It is the gymnasium! You are going to
the gymnasium! Now, where are you going? And what is my name?”
I saw the light. “I’m going to the gymnasium, Mrs. McDonough.”
“That’s much better,” she said. I had escaped
Many years later, I learned that we were very fortunate to have
attended Bergen Street School, under G. Sidney Leach. He had attracted
an excellent, dedicated teaching staff. Every one of my teachers
was outstanding. They took the word “Grammar” in the
school’s name to heart. We learned grammar.
Once a month, we all went to the school auditorium for some special
event. These were Depression days and many skilled people performed
for very low wages. We saw the fastest typist in the world and dog
acts. We saw silent movies, including the famous film: “Nanook
of the North”- about the life of an Eskimo. (Many years later,
I realized that it was clear from the film, that Nanook had two
wives, but this was never mentioned at Bergen Street School.) And
we always sang the songs of Steven Foster and some sad World War
The school year ran on a half-year basis. In other words, in September
there would be both Grade 1A and Grade 1B, and in February, there
would also be Grade 1A and Grade 1B. The classes ran from kindergarten
through eighth grade. Strangely, the letters ran backward, 1B was
the first term, 1A the second. There were usually two sections of
each grade, with about 40 kids to each semester class. So that would
make about 1,200-1,400 children in total.
The school was about ten blocks from either of the two homes I
lived in while attending. Almost from the first day I entered kindergarten,
I walked there with my friends. (I remember that when I was in one
of the lower grades, on a very rainy day, my father came with an
umbrella to take me home. I never saw him and he couldn’t
pick me out. When he came home, much later than I did, he kept on
saying: “They all looked alike!”)
I received a daily allowance of one cent when I was in the lower
grades. This was increased to two cents later on. The money was
usually spent in a candy store which was about halfway between home
and school. You could get three big red candy dollars or ten candy
or licorice cigarettes for one cent. When my allowance with increased
to two cents a day, my father told me that when he went to school,
his allowance was five cents a week.
When I entered kindergarten in February, 1929, I could already
read. Years later, my mother told me that she had been asked whether
she would agree to my being immediately placed in the 1st grade.
She did not agree, being concerned for social problems I might have
with older children. As a result, I was the darling of the kindergarten
teacher. I assisted her with the other kids and enjoyed teaching.
Kindergarten was a joy! It also had some personal learning moments
(See Story 4B).
My reign of being the special student continued in Grades 1B and
1A with wonderful Miss Wolfe. I was reading third grade books and
I read to the class. (I remember coming up to the word “island”.
pronouncing it correctly, and then wondering how I knew not to pronounce
the “s”.) My mother had already read the children’s
poems to me, so that I knew them by heart, which made me no friends.
(See story 4C). I was also the arithmetic champion, which ultimately
led to a problem with Miss Wolfe. (See story 4D).
Sadly, sometime after we left the first grade, we heard that Miss
Wolfe had committed suicide, using the exhaust of her car in the
closed garage. Of course, as children, we had no idea of her problems.
However, I was deeply moved, since she was very special.
In the second grade with Miss Gallop, I decided that I would read,
read, read. On the way home from Bergen Street Grammar School, there
was a public library. I would stop off almost there every school
day. I read systematically, going through each author’s total
collection. In Grade 2B, I set the school record for the most books
ever read in one term.
Despite the fact that I was clearly not going to be a good piano
player, my father composed a piece for me, labeled “Lullaby”.
At some point when I was fairly small, I played it before the entire
school at an auditorium. I remember thinking that this was a simple
piece and that I should be able to play something much more difficult.
When I was finished, the students applauded and I literally shrunk,
embarrassed, walking, bent over, back to my seat. I never performed
at the piano in public again. However, many years later, using my
computer, I wrote “Lullaby” again for my two grandchildren,
Seth and Sasha Fera Schanes, and Seth performed it at a piano class
recital. It was a good feeling.
At Bergen Street School, for reasons of class size I think, every
now and then there would be a combined B and A class. Most of the
children would be in their regular rotation, but some bright children
would be “skipping”, completing the entire school year
in one term. In 1932, when I was eight, I went into Grade 3 AB.
Going into third grade, I was prepared to awe the next teacher,
but it didn’t work that way. Her name was Miss Carolyn Steiner
(later Mrs. Carolyn Hahn) and that first day, she hit us with a
spelling test- twenty words I had never seen. I got my first F!
She spoke rapidly and precisely. You had to pay attention, there
was no time for fooling around. I was stunned, the impossible had
taken place- the children were older, and I was not special! I came
home in a state of shock.
I don’t think I ever worked harder than in that term under
Miss Steiner. She was a hard task master and I loved it. She challenged
me daily. There was so much to learn and for the first time, I had
to work at learning. That half year, and especially that first day,
stands out in my mind. The only specific that I now remember was
learning Mythology and stories from Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey.
The fourth grade with Miss Syn was an entirely different adventure.,
We did not get along. She constantly reminded me that I was not
living up to my potential- and, in fact, at the end of the year,
she announced that one student was receiving an equal number of
5A’s and 5C’s, and no B’s, because he didn’t
try to do anything that was hard for him. As she spoke, she handed
me my report card. I actually think she was particularly kind in
giving me a C marks for my penmanship and my art work.
One day, Miss Syn drew a big circle on the blackboard and drew
lines through it, dividing it into several unequal pieces. She then
asked what those were. I raised my hand and said: “Fractions”.
She said, “No, they are just slices”- and then went
on to draw another circle, with even segments. “These are
fractions,” she said. Having learned something of value from
my experience with Miss Wolfe, years before (Story 4D), I said nothing.
Despite my lack of success with Miss Syn, I was promoted to another
mixed class, 5A/B, skipping another half year. I wish that I could
remember the teacher’s name, for she was fun all the time.
She and I did get into some wonderful arguments: She did not believe
in the existence of pores- “Imagine, holes all over your face!”,
while I could not accept the concept of microbes being so small
that I could not crush them with my thumb: “Look, I’m
crushing a million of them!!!!” A best selling book about
pioneers in microbiology, “The Microbe Hunters”, had
just been published and all of us were first learning about germs.
We sang Christmas carols, visited the Borden’s milk plant,
and even went on a long hike through the South Orange Mountains.
Our teacher in the year of grades 6B and 6A was Rose Celiano. I
had now skipped a full year of school, and I was the smallest kid
in class. She kept us working and laughing. One of her pet lines
was to speak about some lady’s skirt being slit halfway up,
“accidentally on purpose”. I had a tenor voice and joined
the Boys Glee Club and also worked on The Bergen Tribune, our school
magazine which came out monthly.
There were two sections of each grade. While nothing was ever said,
it was clear that the brighter students were in one group. The forty
of us knew that we were in the “upper” section and at
times we would show it.
Our 7B teacher was Anna Celiano, Rose’s sister. She was motherly
and kept a very loose leash on us. Her first words to us were, “Before
you know it, you’ll be graduating. The next two years will
go in a snap.” We all laughed- and two years later, we agreed
that she was right.
The 7A teacher was Mrs. Teitlebaum. Her first words to us were:
“I’ve heard all about this class. You think that you
can get away with anything because you’re so smart. Well,
not with me!” It was a tough term.
Each year, the staff of the Bergen Street Tribune would elect the
various officers of the magazine. There were always two nominees,
who then left the room while the remaining staff voted. In the election
during my last year, I was nominated for Editor-In-Chief and lost,
nominated for News Editor and lost, nominated for Features Editor
and lost, and nominated for Business Manager and finally won. The
Business Manager’s job was to go out and get students to subscribe
to the Bergen Street Tribune so that we could purchase the needed
supplies for publication. I walked from classroom to classroom,
trying to get some small amount from some of the school children.
Somehow, the publication survived.
The 8B teacher was R.E. Allen, who had a flat, quiet voice and
loved history. I think that she opened my eyes to the excitement
of reading about history. I was especially interested in the U.S.
Civil War and in the growth of the British Empire. Keep in mind
that at that time, England owned more land than the area of any
country. The motto was: “The Sun never sets on the British
Six of us got together and put out a monthly class newspaper. Another
group did the same thing and we developed a strong rivalry. Our
group consisted of Clarence Griffith- who was the most handsome
and most popular boy in the class (and also the best boxer), his
“girl friend” Ruthie Burke, the prettiest girl in the
class, David Robert Lyons, Ruth Cassell, Jeanette Klafter and I.
Somehow, we raised enough money to buy copying liquid, which you
heated, poured into a flat pan and then let cool into a hard gel.
You then wrote or typed using a special ink, placed the sheet of
paper on the gel and rubbed for several minutes, pulled the sheet
off, and, if you were lucky, the gel now had the written material.
Now placing a clean sheet on the gel and rubbing, you could get
a copy of the original. We did this over and over again to produce
our newspaper. I think the process was called “hectograph”.
Our 8B teacher was Miss Ingraham, the “terror” of all
teachers- strict, demanding, and rewarding, she knew exactly how
to bring out the best in us. She led the Boys Glee Club, so I had
known her for three years. She did her best to get us ready for
It was in Miss Ingraham’s class that the issue of singing
Christmas carols came up. Ezra Lang refused to sing the carols.
He said that his father was a rabbi and that he could not participate
in Christian ceremonies. Until then, I had sung any and all carols
and it just did not occur to me that these were ceremonial. I just
thought that they were lovely songs, sung to honor the birth of
Jesus Christ, without involving myself in Christian faith. I discussed
this with my mother, since I wanted to continue to sing carols,
and she saw no problem in my doing so. She also saw no reason why
Ezra should have to sing carols if it was against his faith. As
I continued to sing, I thought that Ezra was pretty brave and a
little odd. Still, it was an eye-opening experience.
Singing in the Boys Glee Club was one of my great enjoyments. We
had two-part and three-part harmonies and we performed for all of
the classes. One of the songs we sang was “Aura Lee”
(“Maid of golden hair”), which Elvis Pressley later
made famous as: “Love Me Tender”.
The last part of the term involved getting ready for our class
trip to the Statue of Liberty and our graduation. Miss Ingraham
reminded us over and over again that the ferry that went to the
Statue of Liberty also stopped at another island on the way and
that we should not get off there. Of course someone did, which caused
all sorts of confusion.
For our graduation, we put on a play for the student auditorium.
I was the property manager- which meant that I had to locate various
props and make sure that the stage was set properly.
Bergen Street Grammar School was located just about half-way between
two high schools, South Side High and Weequahic High. Upon being
graduated, those of our class who lived south of the grammar school
were automatically going to South Side High. However, Weequahic
High, which was a very new school, was already overcrowded, and
an alternative program, called Madison Junior High, was made available
at another grammar school. Those of us who lived north of Bergen
Street, were to take an exam in order to be accepted at Weequahic,
if we also willing to go to school in the “Second Session”,
running from noon to 5PM. Anything was better than the dreaded Madison
Junior High, so we all took the exam. It turned out to be an IQ
test, and in announcing the names of those who qualified for Weequahic
High, the teacher said that two students had IQs of over 140. Davy
Lyons, who knew how to get around (His father had connections),
told me that we were those two students. I remember being more impressed
with his getting this information than the information itself.
We had our pictures taken for graduation, and we received sheets
of small photos of the class, our teachers and Mr. Leach and Mrs.
McDonough. These, we cut apart, and inserted in small photo albums,
which had pages for our comments to each other. Two incidents stand
out in my mind. Our gymnasium (note!) teacher wrote in my book:
“Small of statute, big of mind.” More importantly, Mr.
Leach decided that he did not like his photo and he collected all
that he could from us, promising to send us a better one- which
he never did. However, some years later, this gave me a chance to
do something nice. I was the speaker at a meeting in Newark and
seeing Mr. Leach in the audience, I began my talk by saying: “Mr.
G. Sidney Leach, you owe me your photograph!” At that time
he was retired and was attending as a guest, so that having the
full house suddenly turn to him in laughter was quite a pleasant
Graduation took place in February, 1937. I had just turned thirteen
years of age and was the smallest student in the class, although
Sherman Henig and another boy named Isidore contested me for that
honor. I was about four feet, ten inches, while two of the boys
were over six feet tall, and Clarence, who was of course always
the class president, was five feet eleven inches. I admired him
greatly for his calm, quiet leadership and I am sorry that I never
saw him again.
After graduation, I lost contact with almost all of my classmates.
Ruth Cassell came to Montclair State Teachers College when I was
there, but we saw each other only infrequently. I did not see Ruthie
Burke again until 1951 when she was married to my friend Joseph
Haas- which is a separate story indeed. Suffice to say here that
we have remained very close friends over all these years.
A number of the boys in my class died in World War II. I especially
remember Henry (“Hotchy”) Marantz, a friendly, smiling
boy, who was the best athlete in the class.