The Club was started for students who were
taking the Technical Course, the moderator was Mr. Edgar Cole. Dues
were, I believe, about 25 cents per month,the monies accumulated
to provide transportation to various Industrial Establishments.
At each months meeting a review was made of a certain type of manufacturing.
Sometimes it was a lecture and at other times a movie. All showing
different aspects of certain processes. The greatest of all were
the field trips to facilities located in and around Newark. Take
for instance Iron Foundrys.
A trip was arranged to visit the Kastwell Foundry. Arriving there
we were greeted by the company Superintendent who led the tour of
the area. First thing was seeing how the molds were made in which
the molten iron is poured to make the castings. A board is placed
on an iron table, atop this is set a wooded box called a flask.
Half a pattern is the placed on the board. A special sand Albany,
yellow in color and a certain consistency is then shoveled into
the flask. Using a rammer (they are shaped somewhat like a dumbbell)
the sand is tamped around the pattern. Now the whole is rolled over
on a board and the other part of the pattern is inserted. Sand is
rammed in place and the pattern is removed. Holes are made for pouring
the iron and the process is complete. Later we see the tapping of
the Cupolo, a large circular piece of equipment into which earlier
Coke, Limestone, Pig Iron and Scrap Iron are loaded. A fire is started
in it, then a blower is put into operation. This raises the temperature
to about 2000 Degrees and the contents becomes molten Iron. With
a long steel rod, the Ironmaster pokes a hole in a clay plug,immediately
the red hot liquid begins to flow. The stream is directed into steel
buckets that molders use to pour the white heat into molds. It is
directed into an opening known as a spru,when the alloy appears
in the riser pouring stops. A very interesting trip and an insight
of how a Foundry works.