Seems like everything I pick up these days
sparks a memory, and most of the time those memories take me back
to my Newark roots.
With a now yellowing slide rule in my hands, I can hear and see
so very clearly the activities of that summer day back in 1966.
It's Barringer High School senior awards day in the auditorium,
just a few days before graduation. My inspirational science teacher,
Morris Lerner, calls my name and presents me with a science award
named in memory of a famous past Barringer educator and school principal,
Roger B. Saylor.
He mentions that since I am going to Newark College of Engineering
(NCE), this slide rule should come in handy. Little did I know at
that time that NCE had special significance for him as well, for
as I later learned, it was from that same engineering school that
he had graduated in 1937. Why would an engineer teach science at
a high school, I mused,…..but let me not get ahead of the
I’ll start by telling you about my greatest teacher, from
whom I am still learning today.
My Uncle Tony was a long-time janitor at Barringer, and for several
years before I arrived there, he was talking about my interest in
the sciences and engineering to Morris. When I arrived there, Morris
talked with me and I was tracked into his Integrated Science (IS)
program. This course of study was America’s answer to the
Sputnik embarrassment; and designed to get more high school students
into the technical professions. So in junior year, about 30 of us
“techno-geeks” got initiated into what became the greatest
learning experience of my life, surpassing anything I would later
experience in college and graduate school.
Our class was a tight knit group that took most of its other classes
together as well. We could talk science and technology, and even
thought we understood it, until Morris, the science department chairman,
introduced us to Integrated Science. We soon learned that IS was
science on steroids, and it packed a punch that cut across the entire
Most high schools taught physics and chemistry in the last two
years. IS was a unique approach that taught both subjects together
for two years, moving back and forth between them, exploring their
overlaps. It was also my first experience with a double period class.
First and second period every day was IS. In the first hour, Mr.
Lerner would saunter in with his lab cart and conduct an experiment,
whereupon for the remainder of the hour, the class discussed its
observations. No mathematics were used…..strictly verbal discussions.
In the second hour, we explored the mathematics behind the observations.
It went on like this every day for the entire junior and senior
year. We were also required to set-up and conduct a detailed lab
experiment every week, and submit a formal written lab report. It
was the toughest and best course I ever took.
The first experiment he conducted for our class was unforgettable.
He simply took a candle, lit it and said, “You have one hour
to write down as many observations of this candle as you can. A
good observer will yield over 100 observations”. He walked
out of the room and returned in an hour, whereupon we complained
that the best we could do was about 60-70 observations. His reply
was, “That’s probably because what you observed was
only what you could see. What didn’t you observe?” By
the end of the second hour we all had well over 100 observations
As if this classroom rigor was not enough, we were required to
complete 3 research papers per year, at least ten pages in length
with formal footnotes and references. The topics selected for the
papers were our own choice, but had to deal with science and technology.
This is where the really big surprise came for our class. The papers
were graded twice-once for scientific/technical accuracy and once
Mr. Lerner, “Are you kidding us here”, we protested,
“Grading for English in a science class!“
“Good ideas mean nothing if you cannot communicate them!”
Morris shot back.
He was tougher on us than our English teachers. We all soon started
carrying a dictionary and a thesaurus. It became very apparent he
was not coming down to our level. We were going to climb up to his.
Our term papers were also required to address the social and economic
impacts of the subject we were discussing. This was another unique
aspect of this incredible course. Here I learned how technological
changes influence history, art, music, society, government, and
law; and vice-versa. All this in a science class.
Current scientific/technological advances as reported in the newspapers
or magazines, were often debated in class. We were called upon to
marshal quantitative facts and figures in support of our oral arguments.
Could Morris be right? Is this really what science and engineering
was all about? Suddenly all my other courses paled in stature, almost
boring when compared to the intellectual challenge of his class.
For the first time in my education, all the subjects were being
knitted together into a tapestry, every single day, not just for
a special project or term report.
What he taught us was to ask tough questions and realize that
the answers to problems lie with the questions you ask at the outset.
There were no right answers, only questions, fashioned through our
understanding, readings, and intellect. I realized I was the creative
element in solving problems; and life did not have the answers in
the back of the book as school had previously conditioned us to
expect. His course was liberating and scary at the same time.
His tests were equally memorable. Every problem he gave us to
solve was a word problem. None of that “given this-find that”
stuff. You had to be able to read and understand the problem, and
then lay out the process for solution. You could use all the books
and notes and anything else you wanted during the tests.
He constantly encouraged us read, read, read and build our vocabularies-not
just science and technical subjects, but across the whole spectrum
of literature and art. “The more you read, the more you will
understand. The more you understand, the more intelligent questions
you will ask. The more questions you ask, the better your solutions
to problems will be.”
The last time I had coffee with Morris at his home, I asked him
why……why did an engineer teach science at Barringer?”
“Back when I graduated, The Depression was alive and well
and there were few engineering jobs available. I needed steady work
and the Newark Schools were looking for teachers. I started out
doing some substituting and eventually got certified to teach full
time. After the War, I never looked back.”
“No regrets?” I asked.
“Harry, the science departments in the Newark schools were
loaded with professional chemists, physicists, engineers, and biologists-like
never before in its history and probably never will be again. We
had freedom to do many new and innovative things, like the IS course
This revelation shook me. How fortunate I had been. Today, science
teachers are in very short supply……. as many as 60%
of the K-12 science and math teachers teach under temporary certifications.
These are not popular subject areas for teachers to major in while
in college. Depression era science teachers were super-qualified
to teach by today's standards. Students like myself benefited from
that superb and highly dedicated cadre of Depression-era individuals
who chose to teach in the Newark high schools.
These teachers also brought a great deal of experimental, and
hands-on experience to the classroom, with their classes taking
on a practical/applied approach to the subject matter--- so distinctly
different from the often lab-less, theoretical approach to science
in the schools today.
As I prepare to leave Morris for the cold evening air and a nostalgic
ride home, he takes me for a quick tour of his basement workshop,
showing off some electronic gadgetry he has assembled and uses regularly.
In his late 80s, his questioning mind still reaches out for knowledge
and practical applications---the very same fire he started in my
classmates and me still burns vigorously within him.
Leaving his home, I hug him and thank him for everything he taught
me. He smiles and hands me a book…..”Give this a read.
We’ll talk about it next time”. Happily clutching my
homework, I drive home with a warm glow.
In his years before retirement from the Newark School System in
the late 1970s, Morris gave Newark a gift, a wonderful vision to
both the city and its youth. He envisioned and proposed what is
now the highly acclaimed Newark Science High School, where annual
state mandated testing ranks this school among New Jersey’s
top institutions. All this magic happens on a side street, in an
old converted factory building, in downtown Newark. Soon the school
will have its own new building.
The school embraces many of the things he taught at Barringer---proving
how when challenged with rigorous problem solving and relevancy,
students can achieve-----inner city kids can aspire to and achieve
professional careers. It epitomizes the man and his teaching style,
showcasing technology education as a vibrant method of teaching.
I carefully put the old slide rule back in its cracked leather
case. It’s well-worn edges testimony to the exercise I gave
it at NCE and later at work, until electronic calculators made all
slide rules obsolete. It’s a symbol of my profession and the
hours of study and work I put in. It started with Morris and that
incredible course, and today, the man is still mentoring me.
Every time I think of Barringer, or see it as I drive home from
work through Branch Brook Park, I think of Morris Lerner. Great
teachers have a way of staying with you. How very lucky and blessed
I have been to have met and befriended this man—my greatest