It started out as a simple neighborhood
restaurant, on an Elizabeth Avenue street corner, across the street
from Weequahic Park, in what originally had been a private residence.
In thirty years under its founder, it evolved into Newark's greatest
restaurant ever, with a national and international reputation, serving
as many as 2,300 patrons daily.
I'm writing about The Tavern Restaurant at 444 Elizabeth Avenue,
on the corner of Meeker Avenue, in Newark's Weequahic section.
In its lifetime, it won a reputation for the excellence of its
food, for the quality of its food service, and as a place where
the average Newarker could meet and eat with the elite. Almost everyone
who was anyone ate at The Tavern1.
It was a place where Newark politicos ate...where leaders of Newark
business and industry met for power luncheons...where organizations
had their late night planning sessions...where you went for a special
occasion, an important meeting, or a date that you wanted to impress.
Though its interior design was not too pretentious, it was attractive
in its simplicity, and at its peak in the 1950s, The Tavern was
doing business in excess of $1.5 million a year.
Not only was the food fare considered of the highest quality,
but its baked goods enjoyed such a demand that a separate Tavern
Pastry Shop was built adjacent to the restaurant that sold only
the Tavern's pastries, and had its own following2.
In the recollections that follow, I will try to re-create the
life and times of The Tavern, and of its founder/owner/manager --
Sam Teiger, who built the business to its greatness by being a good
businessman who mixed hard work and dedication to high professional
standards with common sense and diplomacy, to create Newark's most
unique and famous eating establishment.
Sam Teiger and the Crowds
Sam Teiger was the most genial of hosts. Here is a recollection
of Teiger by former Newark journalist, educator and fraternal organization
leader, Ben Unterman.
"No matter how hard you tried to beat the crowd, you lost.
It was always crowded, and you had to stand in line in the vestibule.
"There you would get a warm greeting with 'forshpeisers'
while you were waiting. You didn't mind waiting, because there was
Sam greeting one and all, 'Hi, Ben; Hi Dave; Hi, Jack!'...always
the elite, or those who thought they were elite for you to talk
to while you were waiting.
"I recall, one time Teiger called my name. Oh, oh! I had forgotten
to wear my jacket! No worry...Sam looked at me and figured my size
and came back with a tan jacket...sometimes too small, sometimes
"No matter how long we had to wait in the vestibule, we didn't
mind because we considered ourselves a member of the elite. Those
who didn't want to wait were the 'commoners' who left to go to the
Weequahic Diner, a short way down Elizabeth Avenue."
Tavern Food Style
Aside from the fact that The Tavern originally opened in what
became the heart of Newark's upwardly-mobile Jewish community, it
was not a Jewish restaurant in the dietary sense, although its menu
included many Jewish-style dishes.
Over the years, in virtually all of Newark's Jewish organizations,
important meetings would usually end with the participants moving
on to The Tavern to continue their discussions.
Struggles in Early Years
In the restaurant's early years, founder/manager Sam Teiger went
through many struggles before his restaurant caught on with its
patrons. The turning point, according to Teiger's recollection in
an old newspaper interview, came in the mid-1930s when his food
establishment gratuitously catered a buffet dinner for more than
1,000 guests at a benefit for the Beth Israel Hospital. Teiger said
The Tavern's future success started on that day.
It's beginning menu, when the restaurant opened in 1929, consisted
of a printed 4-inch by 6-inch card, with a selection of a five-course
luncheon for sixty five cents, or a dinner for a dollar (The Tavern
Attention to Honesty and Efficiency
As The Tavern flourished in the 1940s and 1950s, Teiger employed
the Willmark Service System of 671 Broad Street, Newark, licensed
private investigators, to have its operatives visit the Tavern as
patrons periodically, and to observe and report to him on the quality
of the service and "irregularities in the handling of cash
Bill Newman, the Assistant Manager at Willmark, made "test"
visits personally as he considered this a plush assignment. He would
report the test results directly to Teiger.
"Mr. Teiger was proud of the reputation of The Tavern,"
he told me recently, "and he always looked pleased with a positive
report. On those rare occasions when I made a report that affected
an employee's honesty, he would get a hurt look on his face, and
tell me "I'll take care of it. It must all be a mistake."
"From my dealings with him," Newman added, "I found
him to be conscientious and hard-working -- a real gentleman of
the old school."
Key to Good Service: Operation By the Book
Pressed for information about Teiger's management practices, the
former Willmark operative recalled to me "Sam was a tough disciplinarian
where any phase of the Tavern operation was concerned. He ran the
place like a military installation. He was known to fire an employee
that set a table with a piece of dirty silverware."
Over the years, Teiger developed and refined a service handbook
which outlined recommended procedures for his waiters and other
food service personnel in virtually every aspect of Tavern operations
related to dealing with and serving customers. The Tavern Service
Guide was periodically updated and revised. I recall observing revision
work on the Tavern service manual being done in 1950 at the Max
Walter Advertising Agency at 449 Baldwin Road in Maplewood. Sy Walter
was supervising the revision work.
My Own Last Visit to The Tavern
My last visit to The Tavern was on January 10, 1957. It was a
memorable one. I had just scripted and staged a surprise "This
Is Your Life" program for former Newark boxer Lou Halper (and
now a respected Newark businessman) at the Hillside B'nai B'rith
One of Halper's surprise guests was former world lightweight and
world welterweight boxing titleholder, Barney Ross, who'd come in
from Chicago for the occasion.
During Lou Halper's boxing career he had faced off against Champion
Ross in a non-title fight, and the two had remained good friends.
Anyway, after the B'nai B'rith program had ended, Lou Halper took
Barney Ross down to The Tavern Restaurant for a late night snack.
He had invited me to accompany them, which I did.
Ed Koch's Recollection of Tavern Food
In his autobiography, former New York City three-term Mayor Ed
Koch, recalling his boyhood days growing up in Newark, wrote about
his good friend Donald Fischer "who lived in our building at
61-71 Milford Avenue."
Wrote Koch: "Donald's father was part owner of one of the
most popular Newark restaurants, The Tavern, and I remember going
to his apartment and eating wonderful things that we never had in
* * *
(Donald's father was Henry Fischer, whose sister, Fannie, was
married to Sam Teiger, and who had been Teiger's partner in The
Tavern. Edward Koch and Donald Fischer were both 17 years old at
the time, and were juniors at South Side High School, a little ways
up Milford Avenue from their apartment house home.)
* * *
World War II Tavern Happening
At the height of World War II, as the Thanksgiving holiday approached
in 1944, Tavern Owner Teiger advertised that The Tavern would be
closed to the public on that holiday, and that all enlisted servicemen
and servicewomen were invited to enjoy Thanksgiving at The Tavern
as his guest. According to newspaper reports, more than 3,000 uniformed
men and women took advantage of Teiger's offer.
Tavern on 30th Birthday
In September 1959, founder/owner/manager Teiger celebrated The
Tavern's 30th Anniversary of its founding.
At the time of the celebration, the Newark Evening News, on September
15 1958, called The Tavern "one of the oldest and most popular
eating places in Newark...with a prominent position on an authentic
listing of the 50 most popular restaurants in America -- one of
the top 25 to be exact."
The Newark Evening News article cited The Tavern as having an
international reputation as well, by reporting that "United
Nations delegates selected The Tavern as one of the most popular
eating places in the United States, according to a survey...published
in Epicure Magazine."
The Newark News article went on to describe The Tavern's operation
at the end of 30 years: It had continued its unique rule of never
making table reservations while operating seven days a week...it
served as many as 2,300 customers a day...it had doubled its seating
capacity from the original 120 to 250...it had expanded its list
of original 42 employees to 150 full-time employees."
Tavern Sale Announcement
The month following the Tavern's 30th Anniversary Celebration,
Sam Teiger announced the sale of The Tavern on October 19, 19594.
Sam Teiger: Community Activist
Although The Tavern Restaurant was a seven-day-a-week operation,
Sam Teiger managed to affiliate himself with, and subsequently become
active in numerous business, religious, charitable, and educational
organizations, both at The Tavern, and during his subsequent retirement
He had been a member of the board at the Beth Israel Medical Center...board
member of the Jewish Community Council...Food Division Chairman
of the Essex County United Jewish Appeal...President of the New
Jersey Restaurant Association...Board member of the Golub corporation--a
chain of 30 New York supermarkets...Board member at Fairleigh Dickinson
He also held memberships in the Temple B'nai Jeshurun, the American
Jewish Committee, and the American Jewish Congress...was active
n the Newark campaigns of the Community Chest, the Red Cross, and
the Heart Fund.
Passing of Tavern Owners
The end for Sam Teiger came on August 9, 1972, when he died at
the age of 69 -- 12 years and eight months after his retirement
from The Tavern. Services were held on August 11, 1972 at Temple
At the time of Teiger's death, he had been a lecturer on hotel
and restaurant administration at Fairleigh Dickinson University.
Henry Fischer, Teiger's brother-in-law, who had joined him in
partnership shortly after The Tavern's opening and remained a partner
until its sale, pre-deceased Teiger. He died January 7, 1963, after
a long illness. During the 30-year life of the Tavern under the
partnership, Fischer had been in charge of the Tavern's production
and quality control.
Restaurant Building History
The building housing The Tavern had originally been built as a
two-story family residence. In the 1920s up until the start of The
Tavern Restaurant by Sam Teiger, the building, converted for business
use, was occupied by two Newark firms for many years: Service Systems,
Inc. (Advertising), and the Peerless Laundry, Inc.
After The Tavern cease operations, the building was demolished.
The site is now occupied by a high-rise apartment building.
* * *
Bobby Blum, after reading Unterman's remarks above, added this
"Waiting wasn't limited to the vestibule. I remember being
on line going up Elizabeth Avenue past Krich-Radisco."
Myron Sugerman, whose father, Barney Sugerman, was in partnership
with Zwillman in the Runyon Sales Company, reminded me, after reading
"The only one I remembered who didn't have to wait for a table
at The Tavern was Longy."